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When looking at a roof, for any type of building, be it a domestic dwelling to the roof on the shelter that protects your livestock from the elements, most people buy and install a roof without an understanding of what it’s made of, and what the different parts are comprised of. We’ve taken a look at the common elements of a roof and broken them down into understandable chunks.

The gable, ridge and rafters

The first part of the roof to understand is the segment which is called the gable. The gable is a part of a flank wall, which is also called the side wall and has a triangular shape, and the very top of the triangle comes to rest usually at the ridge of a sloping roof.

The ridge that was mentioned previously is another part of the roof, and it is the highest point of the roof, these receive the head of the rafters, which are also called spears.

The rafters which connect to the ridge are long lengths of timber, which are usually inclined, and these support a pitched roof.

The eaves, valley and verge

The eaves that you’ll find on a roof are the lowest horizontal edges. They can jut out and hang over the exterior wall in some instances. The valley is a 90-degree angle which is formed by the intersecting of two parts of the roof, which makes the valley shape. The verge on a roof is the edge of the roof, and it goes from the eaves to the ridge on the gable.

The abutment and the hip

One of the final parts of a roof you’ll find is the abutment, which is a junction for a pitched roof, where the roof surface is joined to a wall or other similar structures. The hip is the term given to describe a pitched roof, and the ends meet at an external angle, and it’s worth remembering that the hip is sloped.

All the parts of a roof work in tandem with one another, and are all equally important to ensure the strength of the roof. Briarwood offers a range of commercial roofing for farms that will assist you in protecting livestock, in both traditional and contemporary designs.